Ugg, Lugg and Uggette's Guide toSer & EstarThese friendly cave people, Ugg, his brother, Lugg, and his wife, Uggette, are going to take you back to when the Spanish language began and teach you the differences between SER and ESTAR, and how to use them.Ugg Lugg UggetteSer & Estar both mean “To be”.In English there is only on version of "to be" which covers everything, but Spanish has one version for things that are permanent and another version for things that are temporary.Ser is the permanent version.
Estar is the temporary version.
Below are the conjugations of Ser & Estar, along with what they mean in English. A conjugation is simply a change in the verb depending on who is initiating the action.
You ( formal ) are
We ( masc ) are
We ( fem ) are
They ( masc ) are
They ( fem ) are
You ( plural ) are
There is a very simple trick to use when deciding if you need to use Ser or Estar.
Language was created a very long time ago when many of the things that we can do today were not possible.
So simply think of a caveman, like Ugg, when you are trying to decide which version to use. If something was true for a caveman, it would be true about Ser & Estar.
Below is a list of things you would use Ser for:
The type of person you are – People’s character doesn’t change
Your height – You can’t be sure you will get any taller or shorter
Your job – Cavemen couldn't change their jobs
Your eye color – Cavemen didn’t have colored contact lenses
Your hair color – Caveman didn’t have hair dyeWhere you are from/nationality – There were no countries during the time of the cavemenHere are some examples in action:Lugg is sensitive. Ugg is aggressive.Lugg es sensible. Ugg es agresivo.Ugg is a good dancer. Lugg is tall and ferocious.Ugg es un buen bailarín. Lugg es alto y feroz.Lugg and Uggette are hard working. Ugg is a good musician.Lugg y Uggette son trabajadores. Ugg es buen músico.
Ugg is intelligent. Lugg is athletic.Ugg es inteligente. Lugg es atlético.Ugg is a great athlete. Ugg is a curious person.Ugg es un gran deportista. Ugg es una persona curiosa.
Below is a list of things you would use Estar for:
How you feel – Mood changesWhere you are – You will never stay in the same place ( location is always, always, always temporary )What you are doing - ActionsHere are some examples in action:Ugg and Uggette are in the car. Ugg and Uggette are hunting.Ugg y Uggette están en el carro. Ugg y Uggette están cazando.Lugg is riding a dinosaur. Ugg and his friend are excercising.Lugg está montando en dinosaurio. Ugg y su amigo están haciendo ejercicio.Uggette is writing on the computer. Ugg is eating.Uggette está escribiendo en la computadora. Ugg está comiendo.Ugg is driving. Ugg is tired and sad.Ugg está manejando. Ugg está cansado y triste.Ugg is hidden in a giant nest. Ugg is confused.Ugg está escondido en un nido gigante. Ugg está confundido.Ugg is watching television. Lugg is scared.Ugg está mirando la televisión. Lugg está asustado.Ugg and his friend are flying. Ugg and Uggette are in love.Ugg y su amiga están volando. Ugg y Uggete están enamorados.Lugg is frozen in ice. The archeologist is helping Lugg.Lugg está congelado en el hielo. El arqueólogo está ayudando a Lugg.